What are the Millennium Development Goals?
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals to be achieved by
2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are
drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium
Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads
of state and governments during the UN
Millennium Summit in September 2000.
The eight MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets
that are measured by 60 indicators.
- synthesise, in a single package, many of the most important commitments
made separately at the international conferences and summits of the 1990s;
- recognise explicitly the interdependence between growth, poverty
reduction and sustainable development;
- acknowledge that development rests on the foundations of democratic
governance, the rule of law, respect for human rights and peace and
- are based on time-bound and measurable targets accompanied by indicators
for monitoring progress; and
- bring together, in the eighth Goal, the responsibilities of developing
countries with those of developed countries, founded on a global
partnership endorsed at the International Conference on Financing for
Development in Monterrey, Mexico in March 2002, and again at the
Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002.
Implementation of the MDGs
In 2001, in response to the world leaders' request, UN Secretary General
Road Map Towards the Implementation of the United Nations Millennium
Declaration, an integrated and comprehensive overview of the
situation, outlining potential strategies for action designed to meet the
goals and commitments of the Millennium Declaration.
The road map has been followed up since then with annual reports. In 2002, the
annual report focused on progress made in the prevention of armed conflict and
the treatment and prevention of diseases, including HIV/AIDS and Malaria. In
2003, emphasis was placed on strategies for development and strategies for
sustainable development. In 2004, it was on bridging the digital divide and
curbing transnational crime.
In 2005, the Secretary-General prepared the first comprehensive five-yearly
report on progress toward achieving the MDGs The report reviews the
implementation of decisions taken at the international conferences and special
sessions on the least developed countries, progress on HIV/AIDS and financing
for development and sustainable development.Click
here for additional information on the 2005 Summit.